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BNELIT - Datenbank zu Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung: wissenschaftliche Literatur und Materialien
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BIM as a Framework for Sustainable Design
Zeitschriftenausgabe (-> Ref.Nr):
Journal of Sustainability Education
The Geography of Sustainabilty
Climate change, water scarcity, and environmental degradation are issues that should be addressed by architects. For this to be possible, architects must have the knowledge and skill to create innovate designs, predict their performance, use constructive feedback to make adjustments, and construct buildings properly. Although far from perfect, there are many digital tools to help architects and their consultants do this. The profession has also seen a growing use of digital models, especially in the form of building information models (BIM). BIM has many attributes that make it useful for the architecture/engineering/construction profession, especially its inherent nature as a 3d virtualization that can be used to exchange information with other software. As BIM is a growing part of the architecture profession, learning its use is imperative by students on the path to becoming architects. It is also possible to encode pertinent data in the BIM and export the information to simulation programs to create predictions for future energy usage, CO2 emissions, daylight availability, water usage, natural ventilation, and other analytic models. Students who are learning about BIM have the opportunity to examine its usefulness as a framework for sustainable design. This paper describes assignments in two BIM courses that lay down groundwork for acceptance of BIM′s role in enabling sustainable design. It demonstrates that classes can provide an opportunity to prepare future architects for the environmental challenges that await them even when the major subject matter of the course is mainly focused on other topics. Eventually, BIM, like CAD, will diffuse into the design studio and the profession, negating the need for its specific teaching. Perhaps, classes like these will encourage stealthy diffusion of simulation based methods that help to predict the performance of buildings in the hope of producing more sustainable architectural designs.