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BNELIT - Datenbank zu Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung: wissenschaftliche Literatur und Materialien
Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung: wiss. Literatur und Materialien (BNELIT)
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Hauptsachtitel:
Using input-output analysis to measure the environmental pressure of consumption at different spatial levels.
Zeitschriftenausgabe (-> Ref.Nr):
Zeitschrift/Zeitung:
Journal of Industrial Ecology
Z-Jahrgang:
9
Z-Heftnummer/-bez.:
1/2
Erscheinungsjahr:
Seite (von-bis):
169-185
Kurzinfo:
Input-output modeling is a useful tool for tracing environmental impacts of consumption. Because it includes impacts originating from production layers of infinite order (capturing the entire economy), input-output modeling is highly relevant for studies operating in a life-cycle context. In this article we show how the input-output approach can be used to enumerate the problem of sustainable consumption. Based on a literature survey including research done by the authors we present measures of the emissions of carbon dioxide at different spatial levels: nation, city, and household. Further, we take more environmental effects into account and introduce the concept of environmental efficiency by combining input-output modeling and data envelopment analysis. Finally, we discuss the policy relevance of the different measures. The article demonstrates that input-output modeling has a wide range of life-cycle oriented applications when combined with other data sources such as detailed trade statistics, foreign input-output and environmental statistics, and household expenditure data.
DOI:
10.1162/1088198054084699