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BNELIT - Datenbank zu Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung: wissenschaftliche Literatur und Materialien
Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung: wiss. Literatur und Materialien (BNELIT)
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Hauptsachtitel:
A Model of Consumption and Environmental Degradation.
Untertitel/Zusätze:
Making the case for Sustainable Consumer Behaviour.
Zeitschrift/Zeitung:
Journal of Human Development
Z-Jahrgang:
5
Z-Heftnummer/-bez.:
3
Erscheinungsjahr:
Seite (von-bis):
417-432
Kurzinfo:
This paper develops and examines a model of the relationship between consumption and environmental degradation, using the per-capita Gross Domestic Product as the proxy for consumer behaviour and per-capita carbon dioxide emissions as the indicator of pollution. The time path of emissions and consumption are modelled within a dynamic framework, and the result is expressed as an optimization problem from which Hamiltonian conditions are derived. These conditions are analysed through the use of a phase diagram, and the empirical section of the paper reveals the relationship between carbon dioxide emissions and Gross Domestic Product values across nation-states as well as the United Nations classifications for development among countries. The paper closes with an examination of sustainable consumer behaviour that has global policy implications.
DOI:
10.1080/1464988042000277279