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zus. bet. Körpersch.:
Hauptsachtitel:
How was Life?
Untertitel/Zusätze:
Global Well-Being Since 1820.
Erscheinungsort:
o.O.
Erscheinungsjahr:
ISBN:
9789264214064
Titelbild:
Kleinbild
Kurzinfo:
Verlagsinfo:
Diese OECD-Publikation untesucht Variablen des "Better-Life-Index" der OECD aus einer historischen Perspektive und geht dafür bis ins Jahr 1820 zurück. Dabei vergleicht sie, wie sich die Lebensqualität seit dem 19.Jahrhundert in den verschiedenen Ländern entwickelt hat. Die Themen reichen dabei von Trends in Einkommen, Bildung und Lebenserwartung über Entwicklungen in der menschlichen Körpergröße und persönlicher Sicherheit bis hin zu Veränderungen in der Umwelt und der Ungleichheit zwischen den Geschlechtern. Das Buch entstand in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Internationalen Institut für Sozialgeschichte.

How was life in 1820, and how has it improved since then? What are the long-term trends in global well-being? Views on social progress since the Industrial Revolution are largely based on historical national accounting in the tradition of Kuznets and Maddison. But trends in real GDP per capita may not fully re­flect changes in other dimensions of well-being such as life expectancy, education, personal security or gender inequality. Looking at these indicators usually reveals a more equal world than the picture given by incomes alone, but has this always been the case? The new report How Was Life? aims to fill this gap. It presents the first systematic evidence on long-term trends in global well-being since 1820 for 25 major countries and 8 regions in the world covering more than 80% of the world′s population. It not only shows the data but also discusses the underlying sources and their limitations, pays attention to country averages and inequality, and pinpoints avenues for further research.

The How Was Life? report is the product of collaboration between the OECD, the OECD Development Centre and the CLIO-INFRA project. It represents the culmination of work by a group of economic historians to systematically chart long-term changes in the dimensions of global well-being and inequality, making use of the most recent research carried out within the discipline. The historical evidence reviewed in the report is organised around 10 different dimensions of well-being that mirror those used by the OECD in its well-being report How′s Life? (www.oecd.org/howslife), and draw on the best sources and expertise currently available for historical perspectives in this field. These dimensions are:per capita GDP, real wages, educational attainment, life expectancy, height, personal security, political institutions, environmental quality, income inequality and gender inequality.
Inhaltsverzeichnis :

Preface

Acknowledgments

Readers′ Guide

Executive summary

Chapter 1. Global well-being since 1820
By Jan Luiten van Zanden, Joerg Baten, Marco Mira d′Ercole, Auke Rijpma, Conal Smith
and Marcel Timmer
Introduction
Aim of this study
Overview of indicators covered
Data quality
Practical issues regarding country coverage
Main highlights
Notes
References

Chapter 2. Demographic trends since 1820
By Lotte van der Vleuten and Jan Kok
Introduction
Data quality
World population 1820-2000: trends and trajectories
Demographic transitions
Implications of demographic change
Priorities for future research
Note
References

Chapter 3. GDP per capita since 1820
By Jutta Bolt, Marcel Timmer and Jan Luiten van Zanden
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of GDP trends since 1820
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 4. Real wages since 1820
By Pim de Zwart, Bas van Leeuwen and Jieli van Leeuwen-Li
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of wage trends
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 5. Education since 1820
By Bas van Leeuwen and Jieli van Leeuwen-Li
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of education trends
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 6. Life expectancy since 1820
By Richard L. Zijdema and Filipa Ribeiro de Silva
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of life expectancy trends
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 7. Human height since 1820
By Joerg Baten and Matthias Blum
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of human height trends
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 8. Personal security since 1820
By Joerg Baten, Winny Bierman, Peter Foldvari, and Jan Luiten van Zanden
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of trends in personal security
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 9. Political institutions since 1820
By Peter Foldvari and Katalin Buzasi
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of trends in political institutions
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 10. Environmental quality since 1820
By Kees Klein Goldewijk
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of trends in environmental quality
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 11. Income inequality since 1820
By Michail Moatsos, Joerg Baten, Peter Foldvari, Bas van Leeuwen and Jan van Zanden
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of trends in income inequality
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 12. Gender inequality since 1820
By Sarah Carmichael, Selin Dilli and Auke Rijpma
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Historical sources
Data quality
Main highlights of trends in gender inequality
Correlation with GDP per capita
Priorities for future research
Notes
References

Chapter 13. A composite view of well-being since 1820
By Auke Rijpma
Introduction
Description of the concepts used
Main highlights of trends in composite indicators of human well-being
Priorities for future research
Notes
References
Original-Quelle (URL):
 
DOI:
10.1787/9789264214262-en
Datum des Zugriffs:
06.11.2014