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Biodiversity Hotspots.
Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas.
Biodiversity and its conservation are among the main global topics in science and politics and perhaps the major challenge for the present and coming generations. This book written by international experts from different disciplines comprises general chapters on diversity and its measurement, human impacts on biodiversity hotspots on a global scale, human diversity itself and various geographic regions exhibiting high levels of diversity. The areas covered range from genetics and taxonomy to evolutionary biology, biogeography and the social sciences. In addition to the classic hotspots in the tropics, the book also highlights various other ecosystems harbouring unique species communities including coral reefs and the Southern Ocean. The approach taken considers, but is not limited to, the original hotspot definition sensu stricto and presents a chapter introducing the 35th hotspot, the forests of East Australia. While, due to a bias in data availability, the majority of contributions on particular taxa deal with vertebrates and plants, some also deal with the less-studied invertebrates. This book will be essential reading for anyone involved with biodiversity, particularly researchers and practitioners in the fields of conservation biology, ecology and evolution.
Inhaltsverzeichnis :
Part I Introductory and Global Aspects

1 Global Biodiversity Conservation: The Critical Role of Hotspots
Russell A. Mittermeier, Will R. Turner, Frank W. Larsen,
Thomas M. Brooks, and Claude Gascon

2 A Tough Choice: Approaches Towards the Setting of Global Conservation Priorities
Christine B. Schmitt

3 Quantifying Biodiversity: Does It Matter What We Measure?
T. Jonathan Davies and Marc W. Cadotte

4 Human Population and the Hotspots Revisited: A 2010 Assessment
John N. Williams

5 Vascular Plant Diversity in a Changing World: Global Centres and Biome-Specific Patterns
Jens Mutke, Jan Henning Sommer, Holger Kreft,
Gerold Kier, and Wilhelm Baithlott

6 Genetic Basis of Human Biodiversity: An Update
Guido Barbujani and Vincenza Colonna

Part II Biodiversity in the Palaearctic

7 Mediterranean Peninsulas: The Evolution of Hotspots
Godfrey M. Hewitt

8 Global Change Effects on Alpine Plant Diversity
Georg Grabherr, Michael Gottfried, and Harald Pauli

9 European Hotspots as Evidenced by the Palearctic Distribution of Songbirds
Ronald Sluys, Mansour Aliabadian, and Cees S. Roselaar

10 Patterns and Hotspots of Carabid Beetle Diversity in the Palaearctic: Insights from a Hyperdiverse Invertebrate Taxon
Andreas Schuldt and Thorsten Assmann

11 The Carpathians as a Major Diversity Hotspot in Europe
Miklös Bâlint, Lujza Ujvärosi, Kathrin Theissinger,
Stephanie Lehrian, Noémi Mészâros, and Steffen U. Pauls

Part III Biodiversity in Madagascar

12 Conservation in a Biodiversity Hotspot: Insights from Cultural and Community Perspectives in Madagascar
Nadine V.M. Fritz-Vietta, H. Barry Ferguson,
Susanne Stoll-Kleemann, and Jörg U. Ganzhorn

13 The Kingdom of the Frogs: Anuran Radiations in Madagascar
Philip-Sebastian Gehring, Jörn Köhler, Axel Strauß,
Roger D. Randrianiaina, Julian Glos, Frank Glaw, and Miguel Vences

14 Hotspots, Conservation, and Diseases: Madagascar's Megadiverse Amphibians and the Potential Impact of Chytridiomycosis
Stefan Lötters, Dennis Rödder, Jos Kielgast, and Frank Glaw

Part IV Biodiversity in the Tropics

15 Impacts of Biofuel Expansion in Biodiversity Hotspots
Janice S.H. Lee, John Garcia-UUoa, and Lian Pin Koh

16 Forests of East Australia: The 35th Biodiversity Hotspot
Kristen J. Williams, Andrew Ford, Dan F. Rosauer,
Naamal De Silva, Russell Mittermeier, Caroline Bruce,
Frank W. Larsen, and Chris Margules

17 Status and Threats in the Dynamic Landscapes of Northern Australia's Tropical Rainforest Biodiversity Hotspot: The Wet Tropics
Nigel E. Stork, Steve Goosem, and Stephen M. Turton

18 Explosive Speciation and Adaptive Radiation of East African Cichlid Fishes
Christian Sturmbauer, Martin Husemann, and Patrick D. Danley

19 Inter- and Intraspecific Genetic Biodiversity in South East Asian Rodents: New Insights for Their Conservation
Marie Pages, Alice Latinne, and Michaux Johan

20 The Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi: Underestimated Diversity in a Dynamic Environment
André Koch

21 The Brazilian Atlantic Forest: A Shrinking Biodiversity Hotspot
Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Alexandre Camargo Martensen,
Jean Paul Metzger, Marcelo Tabarelli, Fâbio Scarano,
and Marie-Josee Fortin

22 Sustainable Development and Conservation of Biodiversity Hotspots in Latin America: The Case of Ecuador
Marco Rieckmann, Maik Adomßent, Werner Härdtle,
and Patricia Aguirre

23 When Hotspots Meet: The Galapagos Islands: A Hotspot of Species Endemism Based on a Volcanic Hotspot Centre
Sebastian Steinfartz
Part V Marine Biodiversity

24 Hotspots on Global Coral Reefs
Marjorie L. Reaka and Sara A. Lombardi

25 Biodiversity of a Unique Environment: The Southern Ocean Benthos Shaped and Threatened by Climate Change
Angelika Brandt and Julian Gutt

Part VI Conclusions

26 Biodiversity Hotspots: Concluding Remarks and Perspectives
Frank E. Zachos, Russell A. Mittermeier, and Jan C. Habel

Index 537
Bezugsquelle /Preis:
eBook 117,69 €; Hc 207,99 €; Sc 145,78 €